For men, the 40-year-old frontier is a kind of button for triggering diseases (primarily cardiovascular) and everything that follows from this (for women, the turning point is 50 years of age).
Men should pay special attention to their health when they are over 40, especially if they have not done this before. The male body can not cope with all possible negative factors - alcohol consumption, smoking, lack of sleep, moral stress, severe stress, minimal physical activity, poor nutrition, overweight and rare sex. But now it is time to pay when your body requires the return of the loan that was given to you at a young age.
Diagnostic health indicators after 40 years
Arterial pressure. A simple but informative indicator of the state of your cardiovascular system. Your blood pressure should not exceed 120/80 mm Hg. st. - this indicator is considered the optimal level of pressure. To achieve an optimal level of blood pressure, men need to follow a number of recommendations, especially to follow a diet low in salt (see how much salt a man needs ).
Measure your pressure with your own pressure gauge. The device that you purchase should be digital and mounted on the arm, not on the wrist, and should also be pumped automatically. You can buy this equipment in any pharmacy.
How often should pressure be measured? If there are no problems, then once a month is enough. This should be done more often if you have a tendency to increase pressure. In addition, record the results, then show them to your doctor.
Weight and waist circumference. Your weight should be as close as possible to the ideal reading. As for waist circumference, this indicator should be less than 94 cm, otherwise you have the risk of developing diabetes and metabolic syndrome .
ECG (electrocardiogram). This method of studying the heart muscle by registering the bioelectric potentials of the working heart. This is not an ideal test, but it allows doctors to judge the tension of the heart (if some areas do not receive enough blood), overvoltage when the size of the heart is increased, or rhythm disturbances.
Total cholesterol, LDL and HDL cholesterol. LDL-cholesterol is a “bad” artery-cholesterol blocker. HDL-cholesterol is “good” cholesterol, which helps remove “bad” cholesterol from the walls of blood vessels and prepare it for withdrawal.
Total cholesterol should be below 5.2 mmol / l.
LDL cholesterol levels should be below 2 mmol / l.
HDL cholesterol should be below 1.5 mmol / l.
Triglycerides. Triglycerides are "inconspicuous relatives" of cholesterol. Your level of these substances should be less than 1.7 mmol / l.
Glycated hemoglobin (glycohemoglobin, hemoglobin A1c). This important and useful analysis shows how much glucose was in your blood in the last 3 months. This result is more accurate than a blood test from a finger, since the latter allows us to judge only the sugar content at the time of the test.
Your result should be below 6%.
Homocysteine. This is an amino acid contained in the blood that is formed in the body in the metabolic cycle of methionine. By the level of homocysteine, one can judge the risk of cardiovascular diseases in general.
In particular, attention is focused on such factors as genetic predisposition to cardiovascular diseases in close relatives. This test complements the information we receive by determining cholesterol levels.
This is very important, because half of men who go into intensive care with a heart attack have normal cholesterol levels. This means that the cause of a heart attack is not only high cholesterol.
Table 1 - Interpretation of the results of analysis of homocysteine.
|Possibility of heart attack||The analysis of homocysteine, µmol / ml|
|Average risk||from 5 to 15|
|The risk is above average||from 15 to 30|
|High risk||from 30 to 100|
|Very high risk||more than 100|
Such surveys provide very important and effective information for men over 40 years of age. Men should undergo such a diagnosis every year.
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