Pulse rate is the number of periodic expansion of blood vessels synchronous with cardiac contraction per unit time. Simply put, the number of heartbeats per minute. The measurement of the pulse reflects the work of the heart, and helps to identify various deviations in its work.
. The heart rate for men is 60-80 beats per minute . The average heart rate for a person is about 60-80 beats per minute and depends on many factors.
What determines the pulse:
- Floor. It is known that in men the pulse is lower than in women.
- Age. In children, the pulse rate is much higher than in adults
- The state of fitness. In a person who is actively involved in sports, the pulse at rest is less than that of an untrained person.
- Height. The higher the person, the lower his pulse.
- Times of Day. In the early morning and late evening, the lowest heart rates are observed. The pulse reaches its highest reading in the evening hours.
What diseases can be determined by the pulse?
The measurement of the pulse gives physicians a unique opportunity to determine the state of human health without devices, as well as to identify, if not all, then most diseases associated with the cardiovascular system. The most common ones are:
- Tachycardia - increased heart rate (more than 100 beats per minute)
- Bradycardia - decreased heart rate (less than 50 beats per minute)
- Arrhythmia - a violation of the rhythm of contraction of the heart muscle (various
time intervals between heartbeats)
Heart failure is a complex of disorders in which a decrease in contractile function of the heart muscle is manifested. Pulse is slow and weakened
Heart rate rules
The pulse is measured in a calm state, having rested for several minutes. The pulse in the lying, standing and sitting position is different, so you should always measure the pulse in one position. The best option for measuring heart rate is in the morning after waking up in a supine position. For more accurate results, the pulse is counted within one minute.
Where is the best place to measure your heart rate?
It is best to measure the pulse in the wrist of the radial artery using the middle, index and ring fingers (as shown in the figure).
When you should not measure your pulse:
- after any physical and emotional stress
- at elevated body temperature
- after eating, medicines, alcohol
- after bath, bath
- after sex
- after being in an environment with high or low temperature
What to do with poor heart rate?
The heart is the engine of the whole organism, its most important “detail”. Therefore, if any pathologies are identified, you should immediately consult a doctor (cardiologist, therapist). Only an experienced doctor can make the correct diagnosis and prescribe the appropriate course of treatment. Regarding self-medication, you should not do it if you are not sure about the consequences. As a prophylaxis, you can advise on recommendations for strengthening general health, such as moderate physical activity, balanced nutrition, etc.