Pulse rate is the number of periodic vasodilation of the blood vessels per unit of time synchronous with the contraction of the heart. Simply put, the number of heartbeats per minute. The measurement of the pulse reflects the work of the heart, and helps to identify various deviations in its work.
. The pulse rate for men is 60-80 beats per minute . The average pulse for a person is about 60-80 beats per minute and depends on many factors.
What determines the pulse:
- Floor. It is known that in men the pulse is lower than in women.
- Age. In children, the pulse is much higher than in adults.
- The state of fitness. In a person who is actively involved in sports, the pulse to a state of rest is smaller than that of an untrained person.
- Growth. The higher the person, the lower his pulse.
- Times of Day. Early in the morning and late in the evening, the lowest pulse rates are observed. The highest reading pulse reaches in the evening.
What diseases can be determined by pulse?
Pulse measurement gives physicians a unique opportunity to determine the state of human health without devices, as well as to reveal if not all, then most diseases associated with the cardiovascular system. The most common ones are:
- Tachycardia - rapid pulse (more than 100 beats per minute)
- Bradycardia - low heart rate (less than 50 beats per minute)
- Arrhythmia is a violation of the rhythm of the contraction of the heart muscle (various
time intervals between heartbeats)
Heart failure is a complex of disorders in which a decrease in the contractile function of the heart muscle is manifested. Pulse is slow and weak.
Pulse measurement rules
Pulse is measured in a calm state, having rested for a few minutes. Pulse, in a prone position, standing and sitting is different, so you should always measure the pulse in one position. The most optimal way to measure heart rate is in the morning after waking up in a lying position. For more accurate results, the pulse is counted for one minute.
What part of the body is best to measure the pulse?
It is best to measure the pulse in the wrist on the radial artery, using the middle, index and ring fingers (as shown in the figure).
When should not measure the pulse:
- after any physical and emotional stress
- at elevated body temperature
- after eating, drugs, alcohol
- after bath, bath
- after sex
- after being in an environment with high or low temperature
What to do with poor heart rate?
The heart is the engine of the whole organism, its most important “detail”. Therefore, if any pathologies are detected, it is necessary to immediately consult a doctor (cardiologist, general practitioner). Only an experienced doctor can make the correct diagnosis and prescribe the appropriate course of treatment. As for self-treatment, it is not worth doing if you are not sure of the consequences. As a preventive measure, you can recommend recommendations for improving overall health, such as moderate exercise, a balanced diet, etc.