Constant fatigue and drowsiness in men is a well-known ailment. However, the fight against fatigue and drowsiness is complicated by the fact that they are a nonspecific symptom, which can occur on the background of overwork or stress, and on the background of a variety of health problems - from banal acute respiratory infections to serious chronic pathology.
The variety of reasons makes it difficult to find solutions to a problem, and for its successful resolution often requires the help of a doctor.
Fig. 1 - To identify the causes of constant fatigue and drowsiness is not easy, since this symptom is characteristic of many diseases and conditions.
Possible causes of constant fatigue
All the causes of constant fatigue and drowsiness can be divided into two groups - physiological and pathological.
Physiological consider all the conditions that lead to a decrease in vitality in healthy men :
- Lack of sleep - if you did not sleep at night (you went to bed late, got up early, work on the night shift), daytime sleepiness and feeling tired will be quite natural (see “Sleep Conditions for Maximum Testosterone Production” ).
- Exhaustion - both physical and mental - causes the need for additional rest.
- Chronic stress - leads to chronic overstrain and overwork.
- Hypoxia (lack of oxygen) - during work and rest in closed, stuffy rooms. Cerebral cells are the first to suffer from hypoxia, which is manifested by headache, drowsiness and fatigue.
- Weather sensitivity - in this case, the state of fatigue is not constant, but they appear regularly under certain weather conditions (wind, rain, cloudy weather).
- Hypovitaminosis - a lack of a number of vitamins and trace elements (including seasonal). It is no longer the norm, but it cannot be called a disease.
- Taking drugs - some drugs (hypnotics, sedatives, antihistamines) as a primary or side effect give a pronounced hypnotic effect.
- Improper nutrition - irregular, inadequate or unbalanced nutrition leads to a lack or uneven intake of calories - the main source of energy.
Pathological causes of fatigue and drowsiness in men are chronic diseases. Among the most common causes are the following:
- Diseases of the thyroid gland - hypothyroidism, endemic goiter, autoimmune thyroiditis. Thyroid hormones are involved in all types of metabolism and regulate most of the processes of vital activity of the human body. With their lack of metabolism slows down, the manifestation of which are the characteristic symptoms of lack of vitality. Other symptoms of hypofunction of the thyroid gland include dry skin, bradycardia (rare pulse), tendency to low blood pressure, weight gain on the background of decreased appetite, fragility and hair loss, swelling of the face.
- Hypoandrogenism - lack of testosterone or a violation of its action. With a lack of testosterone, there is a decline in vital energy, as well as sweating, a decrease in muscle strength and insufficient expression (or loss) of muscle mass, sexual dysfunction. In turn, hypoandrogenism is a syndrome that can occur on the background of a number of diseases (orchitis, prostatitis, mumps in childhood, etc.).
- Other endocrine disorders (diseases of the pituitary, hypothalamus, obesity, diabetes ).
- Anemia - one of the classic symptoms of iron deficiency anemia is fatigue. In addition, with anemia, there is an increased incidence of respiratory infections, pale skin, brittle hair and nails.
- Chronic pathology of the cardiovascular system, respiratory system, urinary tract, gastrointestinal tract.
- Oncological diseases - accompanied by drowsiness and fatigue. Other symptoms include drastic weight loss, chronic pain.
- Nervous and mental disorders - neurosis, depression, etc.
Identifying the causes of tiredness and drowsiness is best done in conjunction with a doctor. Begin by visiting a therapist who, on the basis of a set of complaints and objective signs (your appearance, weight, pressure, pulse rate, etc.), can immediately suspect a definite diagnosis and prescribe the necessary analyzes to confirm it.
If there are no specific assumptions, it is recommended to conduct general clinical studies (complete blood count, urine test), a biochemical blood test may be required, as well as a study of hormone levels. According to the results of these analyzes, other examinations and expert consultations are prescribed.
How to deal with constant fatigue and sleepiness
Attempts to self-control ailment are permissible only in those cases when there are no other symptoms, that is, a high probability of the effect of physiological causes. In such situations it is recommended:
- Normalization of the day regimen is a sufficient and regular night's sleep, lasting at least 7 hours, and it is advisable to go to bed and get up at the same time. Avoid overworking - try to stick to a normalized work schedule, take a lunch break. If you have a sedentary, sedentary job, arrange a five-minute workout. Do morning exercises - her ability to provide vigor and high performance throughout the day has long been well studied and proven.
- Relieving stress - avoiding psycho-traumatic situations, developing an adequate response to external stimuli through self-training in various psychological techniques (behavior in society, relaxation, etc.).
- Daily walks in the fresh air, airing of workers and household premises, sleeping with an open window leaf (provided there is no draft) or after preliminary airing. These activities help to avoid hypoxia.
- Normalization of nutrition - regular 3-4 meals a day, full of calories, the composition of proteins, fats and carbohydrates. Additional natural fortification by including fresh fruits, vegetables, juices. If it is impossible to adhere to a balanced diet, the intake of vitamin-mineral complexes may be recommended (see “Which vitamins and minerals to take for fatigue” ).
- Refusal of bad habits (smoking, excessive alcohol consumption), which exacerbate any existing disorders and diseases.
Fig. 2 - Normalization of the day regimen, nutrition and physical exertion - the first medicine to increase vitality.
In cases where these measures are ineffective, or there are some other symptoms suspicious of an acute or chronic disease, you should consult a doctor. After the examination and diagnosis, the doctor will select the most appropriate treatment, against the background of which your well-being will gradually normalize and activity will increase.