What are the causes of sperm agglutination and how to treat the pathology?

Sperm agglutination is the adherence of motile spermatozoa to each other (see Fig. 1). The formation of conglomerates (compounds) of cells impairs their ability to progressive movement, which may cause a decrease in fertility. When sperm agglutination is detected, additional tests are performed to detect antisperm antibodies. Fig. [...]

Can I get pregnant with teratozoospermia?

Teratozoospermia - the presence of a large number of abnormal cells in the seminal fluid. The abnormal units may be male reproductive cells with a pathological structure of the neck, tail or head. Fig. 1 - Teratozoospermia - the content of pathological forms of sperm in the ejaculate is above normal. In [...]

What does the conclusion mean - normospermia?

Before talking about pathology, you need to know what the norm is. Normospermia is not a diagnosis, but a normal state of ejaculate. To do this, it must meet certain parameters. These parameters are determined by the World Health Organization and are one for the whole world. Clear quantitative [...]

What is pyospermia and how to treat it?

Pyospermia is the presence of pus in the ejaculate, that is, leukocytes in large quantities. Despite the fact that sometimes this condition can be detected with the naked eye, most often pyospermia is detected during spermograms. The appearance of leukocytes in the ejaculate affects mobility and [...]

Causes and treatment of hemospermia (semen blood)

Hemospermia, or hematospermia - the appearance of blood in the ejaculate. Find out exactly the prevalence of this syndrome is impossible. Most of the episodes of hematospermia go unnoticed, since during unprotected intercourse, impurities in the semen are usually not noticed. Fig. 1 - Sperm sample with signs of [...]

Is azoospermia treated in men?

Azoospermia is a severe pathological condition, which is characterized by the complete absence of male germ cells in the seminal fluid, as a result of which a man cannot conceive a child. Fig. 1 - Azoospermia. Forms of azoospermia Azoospermia is secretory and obstructive. Each type of the disease has its own characteristic […]

What is leukocytospermia and how to treat it?

What is leukocytospermia? In the semen in the norm always contains a small number of leukocytes (6-8 in the field of view or in 1 μl - 1000 leukocytes). These white blood cells are responsible for protecting the body against pathogenic microflora. Their number significantly increases with infectious-inflammatory [...]

Oligospermia - what is it, causes and treatment

Despite the fact that the term "oligospermia" literally means a decrease in the volume of seminal fluid, practitioners, as a rule, mean by this term a decrease in the number of spermatozoa (oligozoospermia). As in the clinical guidelines, the volume of ejaculate is considered only in combination with other changes, [...]

What is necrosis in men and how to treat it?

Necrozoospermia - the content in the seminal fluid of a man is less than 50% of viable spermatozoa. This pathological phenomenon occurs against the background of infectious and non-infectious diseases of the reproductive system and is one of the causes of male infertility. Causes Various factors can trigger mass sperm cell death. To the most [...]

Rules of preparation for the delivery of semen

Spermogram - a laboratory study of seminal fluid to assess the structural and functional parameters of sperm. It is carried out for the diagnosis of infertility in men. Preparation for the study To make the results as accurate as possible, a man needs to prepare for spermogram. The preliminary preparation plan contains such […]