Hemorrhoids are acute or chronic lesions of the rectum veins, the symptoms of which develop in most cases gradually. Knowledge of the initial signs of hemorrhoids allows you to consult a specialist in a timely manner and begin treatment, which contributes to its higher efficiency.
The earliest signs of hemorrhoids
The initial stage of the disease is characterized by moderate symptoms. Hemorrhoids do not go into the lumen of the anus, and cause the patient a slight, only periodic anxiety.
The first signs of hemorrhoids include:
- Discomfort in the anus, aggravated by physical exertion, by straining during bowel movements. The sensations of discomfort are due to the expansion of hemorrhoids - with tension, the blood flow in the rectum increases, the node's veins fill with blood and its volume increases.
- Selection droplets or streak of blood during bowel movements, especially against constipation. Most often, patients notice the flow of scarlet blood (a few drops) after stool discharge, less often it is defined in the form of strips on feces.
Fig. 1 - The presence of blood during defecation is a characteristic sign of hemorrhoids.
The first symptoms are non-permanent, they can spontaneously, sometimes disappear for a long time, and patients forget about them. But under the action of provoking factors (sedentary lifestyle, chronic constipation, excessive physical stress, including exercises in the gym, smoking, overweight), the severity of symptoms continues to increase.
Complaints of discomfort, feeling of itching and heaviness in the anus are joined, not only with tension, but also with calm walking and sitting. Defecation becomes painful, almost always accompanied by the release of mucus and drops of red blood. Hemorrhoids also contribute to the difficulty of defecation (since the increased size of the nodes leads to a narrowing of the rectal lumen), and constipation against its background begin to occur in those patients who have not previously suffered from them.
Further development of symptoms
If treatment was not carried out or was ineffective, the condition continues to progress:
- pain and discomfort are added to the discomfort and itching in the anal area;
- significant amounts of blood may be secreted during bowel movements, sometimes with clots;
- bleeding from the rectum occurs not only during bowel movements, but also during physical exertion;
- hemorrhoids begin to fall out from the anus, which first set off independently, and then cease to be adjusted and constantly interfere with the patient.
Fig. 2 - 4 stages of hemorrhoids.
Actions upon detection of the first symptoms
With the initial signs of hemorrhoids, you can try to cope on your own. To do this, it is necessary to exclude the effect of factors provoking the development of hemorrhoids and weighting it:
- When sedentary lifestyle - to increase physical activity, add special exercises to activate blood circulation in the pelvic area and large intestine.
- Avoid excessive physical exertion.
- In the presence of constipation - to their treatment and prevention . In order to quickly normalize stools, laxatives (forlax and others) are used, to prevent recurrence of constipation, you should follow a diet (with the enrichment of plant fiber, the addition of vegetable oils, the restriction of fat and refined carbohydrates), to introduce an additional amount of liquid.
- Stop smoking or try to reduce the number of cigarettes smoked per day.
- Limit alcohol intake.
If within 1-2 weeks these activities do not bring relief, or the severity of symptoms increases, the nodes begin to fall out, you need to consult a doctor.
What kind of doctor to consult with a hemorrhoid man?
The treatment of hemorrhoids in men is practiced by narrowly specialized doctors - proctologists . If you are not sure that it is hemorrhoids that are bothering you, you can contact the therapist at the first appointment, who, in accordance with the complaints, will refer you to the right specialist.