Cortisol is a steroid hormone that acts on the metabolism. Cortisol is produced in the adrenal cortex. Cortisol is involved in many metabolic processes and regulates the effects of stress.
Thus, a high content of cortisol may indicate prolonged stress. Elevated cortisol can be observed in overweight people, liver cirrhosis and diabetes.
Fight Testosterone and Cortisol
Testosterone and cortisol are a constant struggle in the human body. Each of the hormones is trying to break the balance in their favor. Hence a natural phenomenon - if the level of cortisol is increased, then the level of the hormone testosterone is lowered, and vice versa.
If testosterone is an anabolic steroid responsible for sexual function and muscle growth in men, then cortisol, a catabolic steroid, is the exact opposite of testosterone. With increased cortisol, there is a decrease in muscle mass and strength, accumulation of fat. Frequent manifestation of elevated cortisol is depression and stress.
Cortisol in sports
For athletes, cortisol is probably the “least favorite” hormone. This is especially true of bodybuilding. Muscle pain, a state of overtraining - all these results are manifestations of cortisol. In addition, it destroys muscle fibers, which impedes muscle growth.
Fight against elevated cortisol
To maintain the optimal level of the hormone cortisol, it is necessary to take vitamin C. It has strong antioxidant properties that help in the fight against various stressful situations. Athletes are encouraged to use vitamin C before exercise.
Garlic is another effective way to reduce cortisol. It is also recommended to use before training.