Today the market is overflowed with a variety of drugs that increase testosterone levels. Many of them have found their use in sports (steroids, anabolic steroids), others are used as a means of increasing male strength. This article will describe the popular drugs that increase the level of testosterone and assessed their effectiveness, as well as the feasibility of use, depending on the purpose of taking the drugs.
Types of therapy with testosterone drugs:
- Replacement therapy with exogenous testosterone preparations. These drugs already contain ready sex hormone. Widely used for the treatment of androgen deficiency in men of any age, in strength sports, to build muscle and strength;
- Stimulating therapy. It is used to stimulate the hormone synthesis itself in patients with androgen deficiency.
Classification of drugs according to the method of introduction into the body:
- Injection (injections);
- Oral (tablets, capsules);
- Transdermal (gels, ointments, creams, patches).
Exogenous Testosterone Drugs
Table 1 - Exogenous testosterone preparations (S. Yu. Kalinchenko, I. A. Tyuzikov, 2009)
|PREPARATION GROUP||CHEMICAL NAME||TRADENAME||DOSAGE|
|Injection forms||Testosterone Cypionate||Depot Testosterone Cypionate,||200-400 mg every 3-4 weeks|
|Testosterone Enanthate|| Delasteril |
|200-400 mg every 2-4 weeks|
|Testosterone Ester Blend|| Sustanol-250 |
|250 mg every 2-3 weeks|
|Testosterone Undecanoate||Nebido||1000 mg 1 time in 3 months|
|Oral form||Fluoxymesterone *||Halotestin||5-20 mg daily|
|Methyltestosterone *||Methadren||10-30 mg daily|
|Testosterone Undecanoate||Andriol||120-200 mg daily|
|Mesterolon ***|| Proviron |
|25-75 mg daily|
|Buccal tablets||Striant||30 mg 3 times a day|
|Subcutaneous form||Implants||Testosterone implants||1200 mg every 6 months|
|Transdermal forms||Testosterone gel||Androgel||25-75-100 mg daily|
|Testosterone plasters (scrotal and cutaneous) **|| Androderm |
|2.5-7.5 mg daily|
|Testosterone cream||Andromene||10-15 mg daily|
Notes: * - hepatoxic and in some countries prohibited; ** - not registered in Russia; *** - discontinued.
Depending on the purpose of receiving exogenous forms of testosterone, its own methods of drug administration are characteristic. For hormone replacement therapy, there is a wide range of ways to replenish the physiological level of androgens, while in order to increase athletic achievements, it is necessary to maintain a high level of testosterone in the blood, which is advisable to achieve by injecting drugs.
Fig. 1 - Pharmacokinetics of various testosterone preparations.
Drugs that stimulate the synthesis of testosterone
The advantages of this group of drugs is that they stimulate the production of your own testosterone and have virtually no side effects, as with the use of testosterone replacement drugs. However, it is rather difficult to seriously affect the level of sex hormones by stimulating therapy (except for injections of chorionic gonadotropin).
Table 2 - Preparations intended to stimulate the synthesis of testosterone.
|Human chorionic gonadotropin||It has a stimulating effect on the synthesis of gonadotropic hormones (LH and FSH).||Injections||1500-3000 IU 2-3 times a week, 1 month course, followed by a month break||+|
|ZMA - food supplement, the main components of which are zinc, magnesium and vitamin B6||Zinc, magnesium and vitamin B6 are somehow involved in the synthesis of testosterone and are important for overall health.||Capsules, pills||Daily, one hour before bedtime|| -
According to recent studies - not fully effective.
|Fish oil is a dietary supplement containing essential fatty acids||Contains essential omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids that are involved in the synthesis of androgens and support sexual function||Capsules, liquid form||1500-2000 mg daily with meals|| +/-
Efficiency is proven, but you should not count on a high increase in androgens.
|Tribulus terrestris - a plant that grows in a tropical climate. The extract of this plant is the main component of such drugs as Tribestan, Verona, Tribulus.||Increases the synthesis of LH, which in turn increases the synthesis of testosterone||Capsules||750 mg daily, in courses of 4 weeks of admission, 2-4 breaks|| -
Efficiency not proven
|Tinctures: Ginseng, Eleutherococcus, Leuzea, Radiol||They have a tonic and stimulating effect on the body, improve the body's adaptive properties, improve stamina and performance.||Tinctures||In accordance with the instructions to the drug|| -
Efficiency not proven