Pain in the groin in men can be associated with a variety of pathological processes in the body and is a good reason to seek medical help.
By conducting a survey and examining the patient, the doctor determines the exact localization of pain and their nature. Pain in the groin can be either across the entire area, or predominantly in the right or left side. This location is typical for various diseases:
- urinary system and terminal gastrointestinal tract;
- direct or oblique inguinal hernia (see "Symptoms of inguinal hernia" );
- trauma in the groin;
- infectious and inflammatory process in the external and internal male genital organs.
Less often the pain arises from oncology and lymphadenopathy.
Pain in the groin area to the right
If the pain occurs mainly in the right part of the inguinal region, then the cause may be:
- mechanical injuries;
- inguinal hernia on the right;
In addition to the pain syndrome for the doctor, it is important to determine and special symptoms. So, with a hernia, in addition to pain in the groin, a specialist through the abdominal wall can grope hernial protrusion.
If the pain is caused by appendicitis, the doctor will diagnose the symptoms characteristic of irritation of the peritoneum.
Even more rarely the pain on the right occurs with renal colic, when urinary stones - urates, injure the right ureter. However, painful sensations in this case arise not only in the groin area, but are shrouded in nature and concentrated in the lower back.
Pain in the groin area to the left
Pain in the left groin area occurs:
- with cystitis (combined with frequent urge to urinate);
- with prostatitis (accompanied by difficulty during urination);
- with right-sided straight or oblique hernia.
In some cases, pain can be associated with diseases of the colon. With proctitis or sigmoiditis, there may be atypical localization of pain symptoms with irradiation (spread) to the left inguinal region.
Characteristics of pain
Clarification of the nature of pain is a valuable diagnostic information and helps to determine the specific pathological process and its degree. Painful sensations can be aching, drawing, cutting, stitching, and also vary in intensity. On a time interval there are constant or periodic.
Let's figure out for which diseases are specific types of pain:
- Acute pain with high intensity and long duration is characteristic of an injured hernia. When spasm of the muscles of the abdominal press in the hernial gates is squeezing its contents, most often the loops of the small intestine. This causes severe pain and contributes to the intensification of further spasm. If you suspect a hernia, you should immediately go to a surgical hospital or call an ambulance for emergency hospitalization. Infringement can lead to necrosis of the intestine and diffuse peritonitis with terrible complications (see "Prevention of inguinal hernia" );
- Acute intense sharp pains with intervals are characteristic for renal colic. The stone obturates the ureteric duct and irritates its mucosa. Exacerbates the pain of the outflow of urine. Periodic painful sensations are associated with rhythmic muscular contractions of the ureters.
- Blunt pains of aching character arise due to inflammatory diseases of the bladder and prostate. The pain is long, but not pronounced.
- Drawing pains are characteristic for diseases of the large intestine and can cause false urges to defecate.
It should be noted that the use of analgesics and antispasmodics helps to reduce pain and can lubricate the clinic of the disease. The best solution is immediately if you have severe pain, consult a doctor for advice.
To establish a clinical diagnosis and initiate treatment, additional instrumental and laboratory studies may be required:
- ultrasound diagnosis ;
- computed tomography of the bladder and prostate, as well as kidney and pelvis.
See a video about the diagnosis of pain in the groin with ultrasound