According to statistics, in 45% of cases of infertility of the couple there is a male factor. However, in the presence of signs of impaired reproductive function, men should not despair. In most cases, these patients manage to help. The success of treatment depends on the nature of the pathological process that led to infertility, general health, associated diseases.
Treatment of the secretory form of male infertility
Today, effective surgical treatment of such causes of male infertility as:
- dropsy testicle;
After performing surgery, normalization of the processes of secretion and maturation of spermatozoa is observed. However, one should not hope for an immediate improvement in spermogram indices in the early postoperative period. As a rule, the increase in reproductive potential occurs within three months. This period is necessary for the maturation of a sufficient number of full-fledged sperm.
The treatment of the secretory form of infertility, caused by damage to the tissue of the testes by the mumps virus, ionizing radiation, and toxic substances, seems to be more difficult. In this case, to achieve a successful result, it is necessary to resort to the use of assisted reproductive technologies.
Treatment of obstructive male infertility
The restoration of the patency of the vas deferens is successfully carried out with the help of the following modern surgical interventions:
- transurethral resection of the prostate.
If, after the surgical treatment, the result was not achieved or infertility is caused by the presence of serious anatomical anomalies, for example, congenital atresia of the vas deferens, the tactic of choice is to use different methods for sperm extraction. Procedures TESE, MESA, PESA allow you to get sufficient for fertilization the number of sperm with minimal risk to the health of a man.
Treatment of autoimmune forms of male infertility
One of the most difficult tasks of reproductology is the treatment of the autoimmune form of male infertility. In this case, there is a certain degree of immunological incompatibility of partners, causing an extremely low probability of conception and subsequent survival of the embryo.
However, in this case, medicine can come to the aid of married couples. In addition to immunocorrective techniques, various assisted reproductive technologies are actively used in the treatment of autoimmune infertility. Thanks to the special preparation of sperm for IVF, it is possible to successfully carry out fertilization in the laboratory and select the most viable embryos.
Assisted Reproductive Technologies
Such assisted reproductive technologies such as intrauterine insemination with husband's sperm, in vitro fertilization using ICSI techniques are the method of choice in the treatment of severe forms of male infertility. After the preparatory stage, which consists in obtaining the patient's spermatozoa by natural means or with the help of surgical manipulation and the partner's eggs, there are every chance of creating viable embryos.
The success of IVF depends on the health of the married couple, the professionalism of the specialists and the quality of the equipment used. In some cases, to achieve a positive result, more than one IVF procedure is required.