Male infertility is said to be when a partner’s pregnancy does not occur within a year, subject to regular and full sexual intercourse. It is possible to reliably determine the symptoms of infertility in a man only during laboratory and clinical examinations. However, signs of pathological processes leading to the appearance of disorders in the male reproductive sphere may indirectly testify to possible difficulties with conception.
Impaired sperm production
Violation of the sperm production process is observed with the secretory form of male infertility. The following diseases can lead to the development of this pathological condition:
- varicocele ;
- dropsy of the testicle;
The appearance of varicocele can be recognized by the characteristic expansion of the veins of the scrotum, which becomes edematous and can increase in size. In addition, pain in the perineum may appear, aggravated by walking. Similar signs are detected in the case of testicular dropsy. Their occurrence is due to the accumulation of excess fluid in the tissues of the scrotum.
If a man has cryptorchidism, one or both testicles do not descend into the scrotum. In this case, the testicle can be palpated in the inguinal fold, abdominal cavity, upper part of the scrotum. Impaired sperm synthesis can also be a consequence of diseases such as tuberculosis, syphilis. In this case, the characteristic manifestations of the main pathological process come to the fore.
Often, hormonal imbalance in the body leads to the development of infertility in men. The following symptoms may become signs of this pathological condition:
- gynecomastia or breast enlargement;
- female type obesity with fat deposition mainly in the waist;
- the formation of a female type of figure with wide hips and narrow shoulders;
- belated breaking of a voice or its absence;
- a decrease in the size of the testicles;
- decreased sex drive;
- slowing down hair growth, as well as reducing their number on the pubis, beard and armpits.
Impaired sperm movement
The obstructive form of infertility due to blockage of the vas deferens is usually a consequence of inflammatory diseases of the male genital organs. Such pathological processes include, for example, epididymitis , manifested by pain in the scrotum and its increase. Often, pain radiates to the inguinal canal, lower back, sacrum. After the acute phase of the inflammatory process subsides, the man most often does not bother anything else, however, the process of sclerotherapy of the vas deferens can continue.
The presence of cysts and tumors of the epididymis can lead to a violation of sperm transportation. In this case, a man can palpate a small, painless seal in the scrotum. Over time, pain may appear in the presence of a pathological formation.
Violation of the immunological compatibility of partners
You can think about the immunological incompatibility of partners in the case when this couple does not become pregnant, but the partners have children from other marriages. Undoubtedly, this diagnosis can only be made by conducting a complete clinical examination, which refutes the presence of any organic or functional disorder that could cause infertility.
If you suspect signs of infertility, you should consult a doctor to conduct an examination and clarify the diagnosis.